Charles R. Mackintosh (Scotland 1868-1976)
“Life is the leaves which shape and nourish a plant, but art is the flower which embodies its meaning.” Glasgow born architect, Charles Rennie Mackintosh,was an exceptional architect, designer and artist and undeniably one of the most influential and creative figures of the early 20th century.Mackintosh admired the precepts of the Modernist movement. Mackintosh held in high regard the Modernist’s simple forms, natural materials, and the application of texture, light and shadow over pattern and ornamentation. Glasgow’s reputation in architecture and the decorative arts toward the end of the 19th century had peaked.Mackintosh, regarded as the father of Glasgow Style, was ahighly talented architect and designer and his reputation soon spread beyond Glasgow. He received numerous commissions though the Glasgow School of Art is still considered his most representative and accessible work. Mackintosh, like many of his fellow architects, had a hand in numerous areas of the decorative arts. He was first and foremost an architect but he also designed furniture and painted. His style falls into both the Arts and Crafts movement and Art Nouveau. Emerging modernist ideas, the Industrial Revolution and Asian style had a hand in shapinghis style and sensibilities.Mackintosh was widely known for designing homes and rooms done to the most minute details, including furnishing. Mackintosh’s high-backed Hillhousechair, designed to complement abedroom of the Hill House in Helensburgh, with its dramatically elongated backrest is among the most famous pieces. Although Mackintosh became known as the ‘pioneer’ of the movement, his designs were not at all like the bleak utilitarianism of Modernism.He identified and appreciated its restraint and economy over over-the-top ornamentation. Charles Rennie Mackintosh architect, designer and artist, is still considered one of the most significant talents of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.