Arne Jacobsen (Denmark 1902-1971)
“People buy a chair and they don't really care who designed it.” Danish architect and designer Arne Jacobsen is remembered for his contribution to architectural Functionalism and his simple but effective and commercially successful chair designs. Arne Jacobsen is responsible for some of the most iconic chairs of the 1950s. Jacobsen’s combination of free-form sculptural shapes with the traditional attributes of Scandinavian design, material and structural integrity make his work appealing and fresh today.The "Ant," a piece from 1952,was the startnew found fame as a furniture designer and became the first of many lightweight chairs featuring a seat and back constructed fromone piece of moulded wood. Jacobsen’s easy chairs, the “Swan” and the “Egg” both had strong organic, sculptural elements that made their forms visually striking. Arne Jacobsen worked independently in many areas of the decorative arts; he was an architect, interior, furniture, textile and ceramics designer.Inspired by a chair designed by Charles and Ray Eames, Jacobsen used their plywood chair as a starting point for one of the most commercially successful chair models in design history. Jacobsen’s three-legged “Ant chair” sold in millions and is considered design classic. The “Ant Chair”was comprised of two very simple elements: steel, tube legs and a springy seat and back formed out of a single piece of plywood presented to consumers in a mélange of bold colors. Influenced by designers and fellow architects Le Corbusier and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Jacobsen embraced the functionalist approach from the beginning. He was at the forefront of design bringing the modernist ideas to Denmark Arne Jacobsen also built upon Denmark’scraft-based design heritage creating attractive, mass produced furniture. Jacobsen is largely considered the father of the 'Danish Modern' movement and has a rich legacy as one of Denmark's most famous architects and designers.